Forested ridges run parallel to Lake Michigan shore at Point Beach State Forest, photo by Luke Wuest

Identified Stopover Sites

in the Great Lakes Basins of Wisconsin

During the planning phase of this project, a series of workshops were held in 2006 along Lakes Michigan and Superior.  State experts gathered at these workshops to assess migratory bird concentration sites in the Great Lakes basins of Wisconsin.  Tier I Migratory Bird Stopover Sites were estimated to support >10,000 birds per season for one or more bird groups.  Tier II Migratory Bird Stopover Sites were estimated to support >1,000 but <10,000 birds per season for one or more bird groups. Please note that the sites on these lists are representative of the collective knowledge of experts who attended our workshops and are not necessarily inclusive of all known stopover sites in Wisconsin’s Great Lakes basins.

For more information on stopover data, please contact Kim Grveles at 608-264-8594 (kim.grveles@wisconsin.gov).


Tier I Migratory Bird Stopover Sites

*X means bird-use per season estimation was ≥ 10,000 for spring and fall except where noted by (S) spring only or (F) fall only; Z means Door County sites collectively host >10,000 birds per season.

Site Name Waterfowl* Waterbird Shorebird Landbird Raptor
SOUTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN          
Cedar Lake X        
Cedarburg Bog       X  
Harrington Beach Lakeshore Migration Corridor X     X  
Inner Harbor–Kinnickinnic Mouth X        
Lake Park East X        
Milwaukee County Parks-Multiple Sites X X X X X
Northern Kettle Moraine
State Forest
      X  
Riveredge Nature Center       X  

CENTRAL LAKE MICHIGAN
         
Baird Creek Parkway       X  
Barkhausen County Park       X  
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary       X  
Bayshore Blufflands       Z  
Bottom Marsh-Fish Creek       Z  
Brown County Reforestation Camp       X  
Clark Lake-Lost Lake       Z  
Collins Marsh X        
Door Bluff County Park       Z  
Duck Creek Delta     X    
Fox River Mouth F        
Headwaters West Branch-Whitefish Bay Creek       Z  
Hibbards Creek-Thorp Pond       Z  
High Cliff State Park       S  
Kangaroo Lake-Piel Creek-Meridian Park       Z  
Longtail Point       X  
Lower Green Bay X        
Meridian-Bjorklunden Lakeshore Landscape       Z  
Mink River Z     Z  
Mud Lake-Ridges Sanctuary-Toft Point       Z  
Newport State Park-Europa Lake Z     Z  
North Bay-Marshalls Point       Z  
North Lakeshore and Containment X        
Peninsula State Park       Z  
Peter’s Marsh       F  
Point au Sable       X  
Point Beach State Forest X X      
Potawatomi State Park-Sawyer Harbor       Z  
Sensiba Wildlife Area F   F X  
Ship Canal-Kellner Fen       Z  
Shivering Sands-Cave Point       Z  
South Lakeshore-
Silver Creek Park
X        
Stony Creek-Lake Michigan Shoreline       Z  
Washington Island       Z  
Western Lake Butte des Morts Marshes X X      
Woodland Dunes X     X X

LAKE SUPERIOR
         
Alder Creek       X  
Apostle Island National Lakeshore       S  
Bad River North IBA S       S
Blueberry Marsh       X  
Carey Township Wetlands       X  
Lakeside       X X
Oronto Bay       X  
St. Louis River Estuary X X F X X
Tributaries to Lake Superior       X  
Wisconsin Point X S   S X


Tier II Migratory Bird Stopover Sites

* X means bird-use per season estimation was >1,000 but <10,000 for spring and fall except where noted by (s) spring only or (f) fall only.

Site Name Waterfowl* Waterbird Shorebird Landbird Raptor
SOUTHERN LAKE MICHIGAN          
Brown Deer Park       X  
Carol Beach-Kenosha Sand Dunes       X  
Chiwaukee Prairie       X  
Cliffside Park       X  
Cudahy-South Milwaukee Shoreline       X  
Doctors Park       X  
Hawthorn Hills Milwaukee       X  
Kinnamon Swamp       X  
Lake Park       X  
North Branch Milwaukee River       X  
North Milwaukee River Parks       X  
Petrifying Springs Park       X  
Port Washington Interurban Bike Trail       X  
Racine Harbor X        
St. Francis Woods       X  
Sanders Park Hardwood Forest       X  
Schlitz Audubon Nature Center       X  
Virmond Park       X X
West Bend Lake-Little Cedar Lake X X   X  
Wind Point   X      

CENTRAL LAKE MICHIGAN
         
1000 Islands X     X  
Bubolz and Conifer Swamp       X  
Burma Swamp       S  
Christie Lake X        
Clark’s Marsh S S      
County Line Swamp       X  
Duffy Marsh X X X X  
Eagle Road       S  
East Twin River Mouth X        
Eldorado Wildlife Area X        
Farhney Point S     S  
Fox River National Wildlife Refuge       F  
Greenleaf Escarpment       X  
Greenleaf Swamp S        
Harris Pond       S  
Headwaters West Branch-Fond du Lac River X        
Heckrodt Wetlands Preserve       S  
Hope Marsh X        
Killsnake River S        
Killsnake Wildlife Area X        
Lake Poygan Cane Beds X        
Lower Wolf X X   S  
Montello Lake       X  
Mullet Creek Wildlife Area X        
Niagara Escarpment       X  
North Branch Manitowoc River       X  
Northwest Lake Poygan X X   X  
Oneida-Sawyer B S     S  
Pecor Point X        
Peshtigo Harbor X X   X  
Pike’s Peak Flowage   X      
Poygan Marsh X X   X  
Puckaway South       X  
Rat River S S   S  
Renard Island   X X X  
Shawano Lake F F      
Stockbridge Ledge Escarpment       X  
Stroeb Island X     X  
Two Rivers-Two Creeks X   F S  

LAKE SUPERIOR
         
Bad River South       X  
Dry Lake       X  
Head of the Bay S       S
Hurley Highlands       X  
Kakagon Long Island X X X X X
Lake Superior Coastal Shoreline X       X
Lake Superior Drainages X X X X X
Lake Three       X  
Presque Isle       X  
Presque Isle Lake       X  
Sanborn-Marengo Fields       X  
Sultz Swamp       X  
Tenderfoot Lake F X X X F
Wakefield Road Ponds-Marsh F     S  
White River Corridor and Uplands F     X