Migratory land birds that migrate through Wisconsin’s Great Lakes basins include a highly diverse group of species that occupy terrestrial habitats. This group consists of cuckoos, goatsuckers (nighthawks, nightjars), swifts, hummingbirds, kingfishers, woodpeckers, and passerines (flycatchers, vireos, swallows, thrushes, warblers, sparrows, and other groups). Because two shorebird species (Upland Sandpiper, American Woodcock) use similar habitat as most land birds, they are included with this group rather than with the shorebird group. Although most raptor species (osprey, eagles, hawks, falcons, vulture, and owls) use the same or similar habitats as land birds during migration, these species are not listed here but appear on the Migratory Raptors page. For more information on land birds, visit our LINKS page. To order our free guide, Managing Habitats for Migrating Land Birds in Wisconsin’s Lake Michigan Basin, click here.
The 42 priority landbirds species, shown in italics in the list below, have been identified by Wisconsin’s Widlife Action Plan as Species of Greatest Conservation Need and are tracked by Wisconsin’s Natural Heritage Inventory Program. The ecological criteria used to construct these lists included state rarity, state threats, state population trend, global abundance, global distribution, global threats, and global population trend for the SGCN list, and state population factors and threats for the NHI ranking. Species identified as Partners in FlightContinental Concern species are also included. Continental Concern Species are those which are most vulnerable at the continental scale, due to a combination of limited distributions, high threats, and small and declining populations throughout their ranges. All these species are recognized by the Wisconsin All-bird Conservation Plan except the following: Swainson’s Thrush, Cape May Warbler, and Yellow-breasted Chat.
Shorebirds that use Upland Habitats
Swifts, Hummingbirds, and Kingfishers
Great Crested Flycatcher
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Ruby Crowned Kinglet
Cape May Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
American Tree Sparrow
Le Conte’s Sparrow