Migratory Landbirds

Endangered Kirtland’s Warbler, photo by Jack SwelstadMigratory land birds that migrate through Wisconsin’s Great Lakes basins include a highly diverse group of species that occupy terrestrial habitats.  This group consists of cuckoos, goatsuckers (nighthawks, nightjars), swifts, hummingbirds, kingfishers, woodpeckers, and passerines (flycatchers, vireos, swallows, thrushes, warblers, sparrows, and other groups).  Because two shorebird species (Upland Sandpiper, American Woodcock) use similar habitat as most land birds, they are included with this group rather than with the shorebird group.  Although most raptor species (osprey, eagles, hawks, falcons, vulture, and owls) use the same or similar habitats as land birds during migration, these species are not listed here but appear on the Migratory Raptors page.  For more information on land birds, visit our LINKS page. To order our free guide, Managing Habitats for Migrating Land Birds in Wisconsin’s Lake Michigan Basin, click here.

The 42 priority landbirds species, shown in italics in the list below, have been identified by Wisconsin’s Widlife Action Plan as Species of Greatest Conservation Need and are tracked by Wisconsin’s Natural Heritage Inventory Program. The ecological criteria used to construct these lists included state rarity, state threats, state population trend, global abundance, global distribution, global threats, and global population trend for the SGCN list, and state population factors and threats for the NHI ranking.  Species identified as Partners in FlightContinental Concern species are also included.  Continental Concern Species are those which are most vulnerable at the continental scale, due to a combination of limited distributions, high threats, and small and declining populations throughout their ranges.  All these species are recognized by the Wisconsin All-bird Conservation Plan except the following:  Swainson’s Thrush, Cape May Warbler, and Yellow-breasted Chat.

Shorebirds that use Upland Habitats
Upland Sandpiper
American Woodcock

Black-billed Cuckoo
Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Common Nighthawk
Eastern Whip-poor-will

Swifts, Hummingbirds, and Kingfishers
Chimney Swift
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Belted Kingfisher

Red-headed Woodpecker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Northern Flicker

Olive-sided Flycatcher
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Acadian Flycatcher
Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Eastern Phoebe
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Great Crested Flycatcher
Western Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird
Loggerhead Shrike
Northern Shrike
White-eyed Vireo
Bell’s Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Horned Lark
Purple Martin
Tree Swallow
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Barn Swallow
Carolina Wren
House Wren
Sedge Wren
Marsh Wren
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Ruby Crowned Kinglet
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Eastern Bluebird
Townsend’s Solitaire
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Swainson’s Thrush
Hermit Thrush
Wood Thrush
American Robin
Varied Thrush
Gray Catbird
Northern Mockingbird
Brown Thrasher
American Pipit
Bohemian Waxwing
Cedar Waxwing
Blue-winged Warbler
Golden-winged Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Northern Parula
Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Magnolia Warbler
Cape May Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Yellow-throated Warbler
Pine Warbler
Kirtland’s Warbler
Prairie Warbler
Palm Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
American Redstart
Prothonotary Warbler
Worm-eating Warbler
Northern Waterthrush
Louisiana Waterthrush
Kentucky Warbler
Connecticut Warbler
Mourning Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Hooded Warbler
Wilson’s Warbler
Canada Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat
Summer Tanager
Scarlet Tanager
Spotted Towhee
Eastern Towhee
American Tree Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Lark Bunting
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Henslow’s Sparrow
Le Conte’s Sparrow
Nelson’s  Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Lincoln’s Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris’s Sparrow
White-crowned Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco
Lapland Longspur
Snow Bunting
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Indigo Bunting
Red-winged Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Western Meadowlark
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird
Brewer’s Blackbird
Common Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
Orchard Oriole
Baltimore Oriole
Pine Grosbeak
Purple Finch
Red Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
Common Redpoll
Hoary Redpoll
Pine Siskin
Evening Grosbeak


American Woodcock, photo by Robert Kuhn



Red-headed Woodpecker, photo by Thomas Schultz



Gray Catbird at orange feeder, photo by Robert Kuhn



Cedar Waxwing, photo by Mike Fuller



Chestnut-sided Warbler, photo by Dan Jackson



Pine Grosbeak eating Viburnum berries, photo by Robert Kuhn