List of Funding Programs for Restoration and Migratory Birds

Native tree and shrub delivery at Forest Beach Migratory Preserve, photo courtesy Ozaukee Washington Land TrustFederal Joint Venture Flex Funds

The Joint Venture (JV) Flex-Fund program provides support to conservation partners in the Upper Mississippi River Great Lakes Joint Venture (UMRGLRJV) and in the Minnesota and Iowa portions of the Prairie Pothole JV to facilitate projects that address priorities defined in the JV Implementation Plans.    

UMRGLRJV grant programs are briefly described below.  For grant specifics, please visit the UMRGLRJV website.

North American Wetlands Conservation Act — The North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) of 1989 was passed, in part, to support activities associated with implementation of objectives under the North American Waterfowl Management Plan. The scope of NAWCA has since been expanded to include the conservation of all birds and habitats associated with wetland ecosystems. Funds from NAWCA are used to acquire, restore, or enhance wetland and associated upland habitats in the United States, Canada and Mexico.

Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act — The Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act (NMBCA) of 2000 created a federal grants program that supports the conservation of neotropical migratory bird populations through voluntary public-private partnerships in the United States, Canada, and countries in the Caribbean and Latin America.  NMBCA projects may include activities that support habitat conservation, research and monitoring, law enforcement, and outreach and education focused on neotropical migratory birds.  By law, 75% of NMBCA funds available each year must be spent on projects outside of the United States.  NMBCA projects are required to have a 3:1 ratio of nonfederal match to NMBCA funds.

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. Great Lakes Watershed Habitat and Species Restoration Initiative — Building on the work of the Great Lakes Interagency Task Force and the associated Great Lakes Regional Strategy, The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) was started in 2009. The overarching objective of GLRI is to protect and restore ecosystems associated with the largest complex of freshwater lakes on earth – the Great Lakes. The current GLRI Action Plan outlines this strategy from 2010-2014.  Requests for proposals under the GLRI-JV grant programs are typically released in January, and are posted in the “What’s New” sidebar section of the above website.


Cost-share Programs

Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program — The Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) is a voluntary program for conservation-minded landowners who want to develop and improve wildlife habitat on agricultural land, nonindustrial private forest land, and Indian land.  The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) administers WHIP to provide both technical assistance and up to 75 percent cost-share assistance to establish and improve fish and wildlife habitat.

Several additional NRCS Conservation Programs, such as the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), may also provide funding to projects that create/enhance wildlife habitat, plant trees, protect watersheds, etc.


OWLT intern plants native saplings to create habitat for migratory land birds, photo courtesy OWLTState Programs

Wisconsin Coastal Management Program — The Wisconsin Coastal Management Program’s (WCMP) mission is to preserve, protect, develop and where possible, to restore or enhance, the resources of Wisconsin’s coastal area for this and succeeding generations, with governmental coordination and public involvement, giving due consideration to the linkages and impacts to resources of inland areas.  The WCMP is a voluntary state-federal partnership that works through a Governor-appointed Council to provide policy coordination among state agencies, and award federal funds to local governments and other entities for the implementation of coastal initiatives.

Knowles-Nelson Stewardship Fund — The Wisconsin Legislature created the Knowles-Nelson Stewardship Program in 1989 to preserve valuable natural areas and wildlife habitat, protect water quality and fisheries, and expand opportunities for outdoor recreation.  The conservation and recreation goals of the Stewardship Program are achieved through the acquisition of land and easements, development of recreational facilities, and restoration of wildlife habitat.

Citizen-based Monitoring Partnership Program — Since 2004, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and Wisconsin’s “Citizen-based Monitoring Partnership Program” have sought to expand citizen and volunteer participation in natural resource monitoring by providing funding and assistance with high priority projects.  Qualifying topics include monitoring of aquatic and terrestrial species, natural communities, and environmental components such as water, soil, and air.