Wisconsin Important Bird Areas

Conserving the most important places for birds

Headwaters Wilderness

Site Description

This IBA, on the Nicolet portion of the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, consists of extensive conifer wetlands of spruce, fir, and tamarack alternating with upland forests of second-growth northern hardwoods and scattered pines.

Ornithological Importance

This “boreal” IBA is rich in breeding birds, particularly conifer-loving species.  Breeders include black-billed cuckoo, yellow-bellied flycatcher, blue-headed vireo, Magnolia warbler, and evening grosbeak.  Rare or uncommon species such as great gray owl, spruce grouse, black-backed woodpecker, olive-sided flycatcher, gray jay, boreal chickadee, and red and white-winged crossbills also breed here.

Headwaters Wilderness, photo by Robert Howe

Headwaters Wilderness, photo by Robert Howe